Visual Attention Lab

Publications | Presentations

These documents are protected by various copyright laws, and they may be used for personal, research use only. Your click on any of the links below constitutes your request for a personal copy of the linked article, and our delivery of a personal copy. Any other use is prohibited!

If you are unable to find the PDF for a paper, feel free to email Jeremy Wolfe: or the lab email:


  • Ehinger, K.A., Allen, K., & Wolfe, J.M. & (2016). Change blindness for cast shadows in natural scenes: Even informative shadow changes are missed. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics.[ABSTRACT LINK]
  • Wolfe, J.M., Aizenman, A.M., Boettcher, S.E.P., & Cain, M.S. (2016). Hybrid foraging search: Searching for multiple instances of multiple types of target. Vision Research.[ABSTRACT LINK]
  • Wen, G., Aizenman, A.M., Drew, T., Wolfe, J.M., Haygood, T.M., & Markey, M.K. (2016). Computational assessment of visual search strategies in volumetric medical images. Journal of Medical Imaging.[ABSTRACT LINK]
    • 2015

      • Sareen, P., Ehinger, K.A., & Wolfe, J.M.(2015). CB database: A change blindness database for objects in natural indoor scenes. Behavior Research Methods. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Evans, K. K., Drew, T., Aizenman, A.M., & Josephs, E.L. (2015). How do radiologists use the human search engine? Radiation Protection Dosimetry. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Boettcher, S.E.P., Josephs, E.L., Cunningham, C.A., & Drew, T. (2015). You look familiar, but I don’t care: Lure rejection in hybrid visual and memory search is not based on familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. [ABSTRACT LINK]
      • Drew, T., Aizenman, A.M.,Thompson, M.B., Kovacs, M.D., Trambert, M., Reicher, M.A., & Wolfe, J.M.(2015). Image toggling saves time in mammography. Journal of Medical Imaging. [PDF]
      • Josephs, E.L., Drew, T., & Wolfe, J.M.(2015). Shuffling your way out of change blindness. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. [ABSTRACT LINK]
      • Drew, T., Boettcher, S.E.P., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). Searching while loaded: Visual working memory does not interfere with hybrid search efficiency but hybrid search uses working memory capacity. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. [PDF]
      • Boettcher, S.E.P., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). Searching for the right word: Hybrid visual and memory search for words. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics. [PDF]
      • Brand, J., Oriet, C., Johnson, A.P., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). Flexible cue combination in the guidance of attention in visual search. Acta Psychologica. [PDF]
      • Hout, M.C., Walenchok, S.C., Goldiner, S.D., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). Failures of perception in the low-prevalence effect: Evidence from active and passive visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance .[PDF]
      • Võ, M. H., & Wolfe, J.M. (2015). The role of memory for visual search in scenes. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.[PDF]
      • Zhang, J., Gong, X., Fougnie, D.,& Wolfe, J.M. (2015). Using the past to anticipate the future in human foraging behavior. Vision Research.[PDF]


      • Draschkow, D., Wolfe, J.M., & Võ, M. L.-H. (2014). Seek and you shall remember: Scene semantics interact with visual search to build better memories. Journal of Vision. [PDF]
      • Sareen, P., Ehinger, K.A., & Wolfe, J.M. (2014). Through the looking glass: Objects in mirrors are less real. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. [PDF]
      • Drew, T., Sherman, A., Boettcher, S.E.P., & Wolfe, J.M. (2014). Memory search for the first target modulates the magnitude of the attentional blink. Memory and Cognition. [PDF]
      • Cunningham, C.A., & Wolfe, J.M. (2014). The role of object categories in hybrid visual and memory search. Journal of Experimental Psychology. [PDF]
      • Nordfang, M., & Wolfe, J.M. (2014). Guided search for triple conjunctions. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics. [PDF]
      • Drew,T., & Wolfe, J.M. (2014). Hybrid search in the temporal domain: Evidence for rapid, serial logarithmic search through memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Science.[PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M., Brunelli, D.N., Rubinstein, J., & Horowitz, T.S. (2013). Prevalence effects in newly trained aiport checkpoint screeners: Trained observers miss rare targets, too. Journal of Vision, 13(3). [PDF]
      • Drew, T., Võ, M. H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The invisible gorilla strikes again: Sustained inattentional blindness in expert observers. Psychological Science, 24(9). [PDF]

        (see video below for a fun and brief summary of Drew, Võ & Wolfe (2013))

      • Drew, T., Evans, K. K., Võ, M. H., Jacobson, F., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Gestalt of medical images respond. Radiographics, 33(5). [PDF]
      • Drew, T., Evans, K. K., Võ, M. H., Jacobson, F., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Gestalt of medical images respond. Radiographics, 33(5). [PDF]
      • Drew, T., Võ, M. H., Olwal, A., Jacobson, F., Seltzer, S.E., & Wolfe, J. M.(2013). Scanners and drillers: Characterizing expert visual search through volumetric images. Journal of Vision, 13(10). [PDF]
      • Boettcher, S. E. P., Drew, T., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Hybrid search in context: How to search for the vegetables in the produce section and cereal in the cereal aisle.Visual Cognition. 21(6). 678-682. DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2013.844959. [PDF]
      • Võ, M. H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). Differential Electrophysiological Signatures of Semantic and Syntactic Scene Processing. Psychological Science, 24(9).[PDF]
      • Evans, K. K., Birdwell, R. L., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). If You Don't Find It Often, You Often Don't Find It: Why Some Cancers Are Missed in Breast Cancer Screening. PloS one, 8(5), e64366. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2013). When is it time to move to the next rasberry bush? Foraging rules in human visual search. Journal of Vision, 13(3), 1-17. [PDF]
      • Evans, K. K., Georgian-Smith, D., Tambouret, R., Birdwell, R. L., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The gist of the abnormal: Above-chance medical decision making in the blink of an eye. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. doi:10.3758/s13423-013-0459-3. [PDF]
      • Suzuki, M., Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T. S., & Noguchi, Y. (2013). Apparent color orientation bindings in the periphery can be influenced by feature binding in central vision. Vision Research, 8258-65. [PDF]
      • Võ, M. H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The interplay of episodic and semantic memory in guiding repeated search in scenes. Cognition,126(2), 198-212. [PDF]
      • Reijnen, E., Wolfe, J. M., & Krummenacher, J. (2013). Coarse guidance by numerosity in visual search.Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics,75(1), 16-28. [PDF]


      • Vo, M. L.-H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2012). When does repeated search in scenes involve memory? Looking at versus looking for objects in scenes. J. Exp. Psychol: Human Perception and Performance, 38(1), 23-41. [PDF]
      • Cunningham, C.A., & Wolfe, J.M. (2012). Lions or tigers or bears: Oh my! Hybrid visual and memory search for categorical targets. Visual Cognition, 20(9). 1024-1027. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2012). Saved by a log: How do humans perform hybrid visual and memory search? Psychological Science, 23(7). 698-703. [PDF]
      • Drew, T., Horowitz, T.S., & Wolfe, J.M., & Vogel, E.K. (2012). Neural measures of dynamic changes in attentive tracking load. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(2). 440-450. [PDF]
      • Ishibashi, K., Kita, S., & Wolfe, J.M. (2012). The effects of local prevelence and explicit expectations on search termination times. Atten Percept Psychophys. 74(1). 115-123. [PDF]
      • Greene, M.R., Liu, T., & Wolfe, J.M. (2012). Reconsidering yarbus: A failure to predict observers' task from eye movement patterns. Vision Research. 62. 1-8. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (2012). The binding problem lives on: Comment on Di Lollo. Trends in Cognitive Science. 16(6). 307-308. [PDF]


      • Evans K.K., Evered A., Tambouret R.H., Wilbur D.C. & Wolfe J.M. (2011) Prevalence of Abnormalities Influences Cytologists' Error Rates in Screening for Cervical Cancer. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 135(12), 1557-1560.
      • Wolfe, J. M., Alvarez, G. A., Rosenholtz, R. E., & Kuzmova, Y. I. (2011). Visual search for arbitrary objects in real scenes. Atten Percept Psychophys, 73, 1650-1671.
      • Palmer, E. M., Horowitz, T. S., Torralba, A., & Wolfe, J. M. (2011). What are the shapes of response time distributions in visual search? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Vo, M. L.-H., Evans, K. K., & Greene, M. R. (2011). Visual search in scenes involves selective and non-selective pathways. Trends Cogn Sci, 15(2), 77-84.
      • Pinto, Y., Otten, M., Cohen, M. A., Horowitz , T. S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2011). The boundary conditions for Bohr’s law: When is reacting faster than acting? Atten Percept Psychophys. 72(2), 613-620.
      • Drew, T., Horowitz , T. S., Wolfe, J. M., & Vogel, E. K. (2011). Delineating the neural signatures of tracking spatial position and working memory during attentive tracking. J. Neuroscience, 31, 659-668. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J., Reijnen, E., Horowitz, T., Pedersini, R., Pinto, Y., & Hulleman, J. (2011). How does our search engine “see” the world? The case of amodal completion. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73(4), 1054-1064. PubMed # 21331672, NIHMSID # 280340doi 10.3758/s13414-011-0103 [PDF]
      • Andriole, K. P., Wolfe, J. M., Khorasani, R., Treves, S. T., Getty, D. J., Jacobson, F. L., et al. (2011). Optimizing Analysis, Visualization, and Navigation of Large Image Data Sets: One 5000-Section CT Scan Can Ruin Your Whole Day. Radiology, 259(2), 346-362.[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J., & Kuzmova, Y. (2011). How many pixels make a memory? Picture memory for small pictures. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18(3), 469-475.[PDF]
      • Greene, M. R., & Wolfe, J. M. (2011). Global image properties do not guide visual search. Journal of Vision, 11(6).18, doi:10.1167/11.6.18 [PDF]
      • Cohen, M., Evans, K., Horowitz, T., & Wolfe, J. (2011). Auditory and visual memory in musicians and nonmusicians. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18(3), 586-591. [PDF]
      • Evans, K.K., Horowitz, T. & Wolfe, J.M. (2011) When Categories Collide: Accumulation of Information About Multiple Categories in Rapid Scene Perception. Psychological Science, 22 (6), 739 - 746. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S. & Kuzmova, Y. I. (2011). Can we track holes? Vision Research51 (9). 1013-1021.[PDF]
      • Howe, P. D., Drew, T., Pinto, Y., & Horowitz, T. S. (2011). Remapping attention in multiple object tracking. Vision Research51(5), 489-495.[PDF]


      • Evans, K.K., Cohen, M., Tambouret, R., Horowitz, T., Kreindel, E. & Wolfe, J.M. (2010) Does Visual Expertise Improve Visual Recognition Memory? Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. Vol73, Issue 1, 30-35. [PDF]
      • Gagnier, K. M., Intraub, H., Oliva , A., & Wolfe, J. M. (2010). Why does vantage point affect boundary extension? Visual Cognition, 19(2), 234 – 257.

      • Horowitz, T. S. & Cohen, M. A. (2010). Direction information in multiple object tracking is limited by a graded resource. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics72(7), 1765-1775.[PDF]
      • Howe, P. D., Pinto, Y. A., & Horowitz, T. S. (2010). The coordinate systems used in visual tracking. Vision Research50(23), 2375-2380. [PDF]
      • Wolfe J.M., Horowitz T.S., & Palmer E.M. (2010). Reaction time distributions constrain models of visual search. Vision Research. 50 (14): 1304-1311. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Van Wert, M. (2010). Varying Target Prevalence Reveals Two Dissociable Decision Criteria in Visual Search. Current Biology. 20, 121-124. [PDF] Supplement [PDF].
      • Lindsey, D.T., Brown, A.M., Reijnen, E., Rich, A.N., Kuzmova, Y.I. & Wolfe, J.M. (2010) Color channels, not color categories, guide visual search for desaturated color targets.Psychological Science. Published on August 16, 2010 as doi:10.1177/0956797610379861. [PDF]
      • Howe, P., Cohen, M., Pinto, Y., & Horowitz, T. (2010). Distinguishing between parallel and serial accounts of multiple object tracking. Journal of Vision, 10(8): 11. [PDF]

        JOV 10-8-11

      • Pinto, Y., Howe, P., Cohen, M., & Horowitz, T. (2010). The more often you see an object, the easier it becomes to track it. Journal of Vision, 10(10): 4. [PDF]

        JOV 10-10-4


      • Cohen, M. A., Horowitz , T. S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2009). Auditory recognition memory is inferior to visual recognition memory. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 106(14), 6008-6010. [PDF]
      • Drew, T., McCollough, A., Horowitz, T., & Vogel, E. (2009). Attentional enhancement during multiple-object tracking. Psychonomic bulletin & review 16 (2) pp. 411-7 [PDF]
      • Joseph, R., Keehn, B., Connolly, C., Wolfe, J.M., Horowitz, T.S. (2009). Why is visual search superior in autism spectrum disorder? Developmental Science. 12.6. 1083-96. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Reijnen, E., Van Wert, M. J., & Kuzmova, Y. (2009). In visual search, guidance by surface type is different than classic guidance. Vision Res, 49(7), 765-773. [PDF]
      • Howe, P.D., Horowitz, T.S., Morocz, A., Wolfe, J.M.& Livingstone, M.S. (2009). Using fMRI to distinguish components of the multiple object tracking task. Journal of Vision. 9. 4. [LINK]
      • Van Wert, M.J, Horowitz, T.S., Wolfe, J.M. (2009). Even in correctable search, some types of rare targets are frequently missed. Atten Percept Psychophys. 2009 April; 71(3): 541-553. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T.S., Wolfe, J.M., Alvarez, G.A., Cohen, M.A. & Kuzmova, Y.I. (2009). The speed of free will. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.0. 0. pp. 1-27. [PDF]


      • Kunar, M. A., Carter, R., Cohen, M.A., Horowitz, T.S. (2008). Telephone conversation impairs sustained visual attention via a central bottleneck. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. 15 (6), 1135-1140. [PDF]
      • Kunar, M. A., Flusberg, S. J., & Wolfe, J. M. (2008). The role of memory and restricted context in repeated visual search. Perception and Psychophysics, 70, 314-328. [PDF]
      • Kunar, M. A., Flusberg, S. J., & Wolfe, J. M. (2008). Time to Guide: Evidence for Delayed Attentional Guidance in Contextual Cueing. Visual Cognition, 16, 804-825.[PDF]
      • Li, Xingshan, Cave, K. R., Wolfe, J. M. (2008). Kanizsa-type subjective contours do not guide attentional deployment in visual search but line termination contours do. Perception and Psychophysics, 70(3), 477-488. [PDF]
      • Rich, A., Kunar, M. A., Van Wert, M.J., Hidalgo-Sotelo, B., Horowitz, T.S. & Wolfe, J.M. (2008). Why do we miss rare targets? Exploring the boundaries of the low prevalence effect.Journal of Vision. 8. 15. 1–17. [PDF]


      • Horowitz, T. S., Wolfe, J. M., DiMase, J.S. , Klieger, S.B. (2007). Visual search for type of motion is based on simple motion primitives. Perception, 36, 1624-1634. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2007). Guided Search 4.0: Current Progress with a model of visual search. In W. Gray (Ed.), Integrated Models of Cognitive Systems (pp. 99-119). New York: Oxford. [PDF]
      • Kunar, M .A., Flusberg, S. J., Horowitz, T. S., Wolfe, J.M. (2007). Does contextual cuing guide the deployment of attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 33(4), 816-828. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S., Fine, E. M., Fencsik, D. E., Yurgenson, S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2007), Fixational eye movements are not an index of covert attention. Psychological Science, 18(4), 356-363. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S., Fencsik, D. E., Fine, E. M., Yurgenson, S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2007), Microsaccades and attention: Does a weak correlation make an index? Reply to Laubrock, Engbert, Rolfs, & Kliegl (2007). Psychological Science, 18(4), 367-368. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S., Klieger, S. B., Fencsik, D. E., Yang, K. K., Alvarez, G. A., & Wolfe, J.M. (2007). Tracking unique objects. Perception & Psychophysics, 69(2), 172-184. [PARADIGM MOVIE] PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T. S., Van Wert, M. J., Kenner, N. M., Place, S. S., Kibbi, N. (2007). Low target prevalence is a stubborn source of errors in visual search tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 136(4), 623-638. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T. S., & Michod, K. O. (2007). Is visual attention required for robust picture memory? Vision Research, 47, 955-964. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Place, S. S., Horowitz, T. S. (2007). Multiple Object Juggling: Changing what is tracked during extended multiple object tracking. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14(2), 344-349. [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J. M. (2006). Neurons that know when to quit. Nature Neuroscience (News and Views), 9(8), 984-985. [PDF]
      • Fencsik, D. E., Urrea, J., Place, S. S., Wolfe, J. M., & Horowitz, T. S. (2006). Velocity cues improve visual search and multiple object tracking. Visual Cognition, 14, 92-95. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T.S., Choi, W.Y., Horvitz, J.C., Cote, L.J, & Mangels, J.A. (2006). Visual search deficits in Parkinson's disease are attenuated by bottom-up target salience and top-down information. Neuropsychologia, 44(10), 1962-1977. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S. (2006). Revisiting the variable memory model of visual search. Visual Cognition, 14(4-8), 668-684. [LINK]
      • Horowitz, T. S., Birnkrant, R. S., Fencsik, D. E., Tran, L., & Wolfe, J. M. (2006). How do we track invisible objects? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 516-523.[PDF]
      • Kunar, M.A., Flusberg, S.J., & Wolfe, J.M. (2006). Contextual cueing by global features. Perception & Psychophysics.[PDF]


      • Horowitz, T. S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2005). Visual Search: The role of memory for rejected distractors. In L. Itti & G. Rees & J. Tsotsos (Eds.), Neurobiology of attention (pp. 264-268). San Diego, CA: Academic Press / Elsevier.[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2005). Guidance of Visual Search by Preattentive Information. In L. Itti & G. Rees & J. Tsotsos (Eds.), Neurobiology of attention (pp. 101-104). San Diego, CA: Academic Press / Elsevier. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Birnkrant, R. S., Kunar, M. A., & Horowitz, T.S. (2005). Visual search for transparency and opacity: Attentional guidance by cue combination? Journal of Vision , 5, 257-274.
      • Alvarez, G. A., Horowitz, T. S., Wolfe, J. M. Arsenio, H. C., & DiMase, J. S. (2005). Do multielement visual tracking and visual search draw continuously on the same visual attention resources? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance 31(4). [PDF]
      • Santhi, N., Duffy, J. F., Horowitz  T. S., & Czeisler, C. A. (2005). Scheduling of sleep/darkness affects the circadian phase of night shift workers. Neuroscience Letters, 384(3), 316-320. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. On topology's place in the psychophysical structure of human vision. Visual Cognition. Vol 12(4), 2005, pp. 675-682. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Horowitz, T.S., Kenner, N. (2005). Rare items often missed in visual searches. Nature, 435, 439-440. [PDF][Supplement]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2005). Watching single cells pay attention. Science, 308, 503-504.[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2005). Invited Paper: How Might the Rules that Govern Visual Search Constrain the Design of Visual Displays? Digest of Technical Papers. 36: 1395-1397. [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M., Horowitz, T.S., Kenner, N., Hyle M., Vasan, N. (2004). How fast can you change your mind? The speed of top-down guidance in visual search.Vision Research 44 1411-1426.[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Horowitz, T.S. (2004). What attributes guide the deployment of visual attention and how do they do it? Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 5 1-7. [PDF]
      • Oliva, A., Wolfe J.M., Arsenio H.C. (2004). Panoramic Search: The Interaction of Memory and Vision in Search Through a Familiar Scene. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 30:1132-1146. [PDF]
      • Thornton, I.M., Horowitz, T.S. (2004). The multi-item localization (MILO) task: Measuring the spatiotemporal context of vision for action. Perception and Psychophysics, 66(1) 38-50. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T.S., Holcombe, A.O., Wolfe, J.M., Arsenio, H.C., DiMase, J.S. (2004). Attentional pursuit is faster than attentional saccade. Journal of Vision, 4, 585-603. [PDF]


      • Horowitz, T.S., Cade, B.E., Wolfe, J.M., & Czeisler, C.A. (2003). A Dissocation of Effects of Circadian Phase and Time Awake on Visual Selective Attention and Vigilance.Psychological Science, 14(6) 549-557. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., & DiMase, J.S. (2003). Do intersections serve as basic features in visual search? Perception, 32: 645-656. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Butcher, S.J., Lee, C., & Hyle, M. (2003). Changing your mind: On the contributions of top-down and bottom-up guidance in visual search for feature singletons. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 29: 483-502. [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T.S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2003). Memory for rejected distractors in visual search? Visual Cognition, 10(3): 257-298. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (2003). Moving towards solutions to some enduring controversies in visual search. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(2): 70-76. [to request a reprint write]


      • Wolfe, J. M., Oliva, A., Horowitz, T.S., Butcher, S. J., & Bompas, A. (2002). Segmentation of objects from backgrounds in visual search tasks. Vision Research, 42(28): 2985-3004[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Oliva, A., Butcher, S. J., & Arsenio, H. C. (2002). An Unbinding Problem? The disintegration of visible, previously attended objects does not attract attention. Journal of Vision, 2(3): 256-271 [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M. (2001). Asymmetries in visual search: An introduction. Perception and Psychophysics, 63(3): 381-389 [PDF]
      • Royden, C.S., Wolfe, J.M., & Klempen, N. (2001). Visual Search Asymmetries in Motion & Optic Flow Fields. Perception and Psychophysics, 63(3): 436-444 [PDF]
      • Horowitz, T. S., & Wolfe, J. M. (2001). Search for multiple targets: Remember the targets, forget the search. Perception and Psychophysics, 63(2): 272-285 [PDF]


      • Humphreys, G.W., Cinel, C., Wolfe, J.M., Olson, A., & Klempen, N. (2000) Fractionating the binding process: neuropsychological evidence distinguishing binding of form from binding of surface features. Vision Research, 40(10-12): 1569-1596. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Klempen, N., & Dahlen, K. (2000) Post-attentive Vision. The Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26(2): 693-716 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Alvaraz, G.A., & Horowitz, T.S. (2000) Attention is Fast but Volition is Slow. Nature, 406: 691 [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M., Klempen, N., & Shulman, E. (1999) Which End is Up? Two Representations of Orientation in Visual Search. Vision Research, 39(12): 2075-2086 [PDF]
      • Cave K.R., & Wolfe J.M. (1999) The Psychophysical Evidence for a Binding Problem in Human Vision. Neuron, 24(1): 11-17 [PDF]


      • Horowitz, T.S., & Wolfe, J.M. (1998) Visual Search Has No Memory. Nature, 357: 575-577 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1998) Visual Memory: What do you know about what you saw? Current Biology, 8: R303-R304 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1998) What Can 1,000,000 Trials Tell Us About Visual Search? Psychological Science, 9(1) [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. & O'Neill, P. (1998) Why are there Eccentricity Effects in Visual Search? Perception and Psychophysics, 60(1): 140-156 PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M. (1997) In a blink of the mind's eye. Nature, 387: 756-757 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. & Bennett, S.C. (1997) Preattentive Object Files: Shapeless bundles of basic features. Vision Research, 37(1): 25-44 ">[PDF]


      • Wolfe, J. M. (1996). Vision: Resolving perceptual ambiguity. Nature, 380 (18 April), 587-588. [PDF]
      • Chun, M.M. & Wolfe, J.M. (1996) Just Say No: How Are Visual Searches Terminated When There Is No Target Present? Cognitive Psychology, 30, 39-78 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., & Gancarz, G. (1996) Guided Search 3.0 Basic and Clinical Applications of Vision Science, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic. 189-192 [PDF]


      • Friedman-Hill, S.R, & Wolfe, J.M. (1995) Second-Order Parallel Processing: Visual Search for the Odd Item in a Subset. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21(3): 531-551 [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M. (1994) Guided Search 2.0: A Revised Model of Visual Search. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 1(2): 202-238 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Friedman-Hill, S.R., & Bilsky, A.B. (1994) Parallel processing of part-whole information in visual search tasks. Perception & Psychophysics, 55(5): 537-550 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1994) Visual Search in Continuous, Naturalistic Stimuli. Vision Research. 34 (9), 1187-1195. [PDF]


      • Wolfe, J.M. (1992). Parallel Guidance of Visual Attention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 1(4): 124-128. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Friedman-Hill, S.R., Stewart, M I., & O'Connell, K. M. (1992) The Role of Categorization in Visual Search for Orientation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18(1): 34-49 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1992) "Effortless" Texture Segmentation and "Parallel" Visual Search are not the Same Thing. Vision Research , 32(4): 757-763 [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Friedman-Hill, S.R. (1992) On The Role of Symmetry in Visual Search. Psychological Science , 3(3): 194-198 [PDF]
      • Wolfe J.M., Yee A., & Friedman-Hill S.R. (1992) Curvature is a basic feature for visual search tasks. Perception, 21(4) 465 – 480.

      Review Articles and Book Chapters

      • Wolfe, J.M. & Robertson, L. (Eds.). (2012) Attention and Beyond: Searching through the papers of Anne Treisman. NY: Oxford University Press.
      • Evans, K.K., Horowitz, T., Howe, P., Pedersini, R., Reijnen, E., Pinto, Y., & Wolfe, J. (2011) Visual Attention, In L. Nadel (Ed.), Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2(5), 503-514.
      • Howe, P., Evans, K.K., Pedersini, R., Cohen, M., Horowitz, T., & Wolfe, J. (2009) Attention: Selective Attention and Consciousness. In Banks, W.P. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Consciousness, Elsevier Inc.
      • Wolfe, J.M. (2004). Looking at Yourself [Review of the book The Quest for Consciousness by Chistof Koch]. Nature Neuroscience 7(6) 565.[PDF]
      • The level of attention: Mediating between the stimulus and perception. Wolfe, J. M. In: L. Harris (Ed.), Levels of Perception: a Festschrift for Ian Howard, Springer Verlag; 2001.[PDF]
      • Visual Attention (2001) Chun, M. M., & Wolfe, J. M. Visual Attention. In E. B. Goldstein (Ed.), Blackwell's Handbook of Perception, (Vol. Ch 9, pp. 272-310). Oxford, UK: Blackwell.[PDF]
      • The Deployment of Visual Attention:Two Surprises. (2000) Wolfe, JM. In: NATO-RTO (Ed.), Search and Target Acquisition. Utrecht, Netherlands: NATO-RTO. Vol. 45, p. 20.21-20.11[PDF]
      • Visual Attention (2000) Wolfe J. In: De Valois KK, editor. Seeing. 2nd ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press. p. 335-386.[PDF]
      • Inattentional Amnesia (2000) Wolfe JM. In: V. Coltheart (Ed.), Fleeting Memories. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.[PDF]
      • Visual Search (1998) Wolfe J. In: Pashler H., editor. Attention. London UK: University College London Press.[PDF]
      • Extending guided search: Why guided search needs a preattentive "item map." (1996) Wolfe J.M. In: A.F. Kramer, M.G.H. Coles, & G.D. Logan (Eds), Converging operations in the study of visual attention. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. p. 247-270.[PDF]

      Publications before 1991

      • Wolfe, J. M. & Pokorny, C. W. (1990). Inhibitory tagging in visual search: A failure to replicate. Perception and Psychophysics, 48(4):357-62. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M., Yu, K. P., Stewart, M. I., Shorter, A. D., Friedman-Hill, S. R., Cave, K. R. (1990). Limitations on the parallel guidance of visual search: color x color and orientation x orientation conjunctions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 16(4), 879-892. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Cave, K. R., Franzel, S.L. (1989). Guided Search: An Alternative to the Feature Integration Model for Visual Search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 15(3), 419-433. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. An Introduction to Contrast Sensitivity Testing. In: Nadler P, Miller D, and Nadler P, (1989) editors. Glare and Contrast Sensitivity for Clinicians. New York: Springer Verlag; p. 5-23. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M., Franzel, S.L. (1988). Binocularity and visual search. Perception and Psychophsyics. 44 1: 81-93. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. and O'Connell, K.M. (1986). Fatigue and structural change: two consequences of visual pattern adaptation. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 27, 538-543. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1986). Stereopsis and binocular rivalry. Psychological Review, 93(3), 269-282. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1984). Short test flashes produce large tilt aftereffects. Vision Research, 24(12), 1959-1964. [PDF]
      • Wolfe, J. M. (1983). Hidden visual processes. Scientific American, 248: 94-103.[PDF]
      • Wolfe, J.M. (1983). Influence of spatial frequency, luminance, and duration on binocular rivalry and abnormal fusion of briefly presented dichoptic stimuli. Perception. 21. 447-456. [PDF]

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